Lochinvar National Park in Zambia
This Park spreads across 2 eco-regions mainly the Zambezian and Mopane woodlands in the south and the Zambezian flooded grasslands that cover most of the park. It is a relatively small park covering 428 square kilometres and with no large predators Zambian wildlife and bird life thrive. It is located on the south side of the Kafue River, in the Southern Province and is 45 kilometres from Monze district. Lochinvar is actually a former ranch and the name Lochinvar hails from a lake in Scotland.
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- Was designated a national park in 1972
- The historic old colonial-style farmhouse serves as the lodge for the park
- The park gates are open between 6:00 and 18:00 hrs
Lochinvar National Park is located on the south side of the Kafue River, in the Southern Province and is 45 kilometres from Monze district.
The northern habitat includes the Chunga Lagoon and the Kafue Flats floodplain. There is an arid area of grassland between the floodplain and woodlands which is dominated by termite mounds.
Lochinvar National Park is part of the Kafue Flats and the savannah wetlands. The Kafue Flats is an area of large wetlands located in central Zambia along the Kafue River. Lake Manyeka in the north of Lochinvar National Park covers 25% of the park and with only an eight meter drop in elevation as the Kafue River flows through this region, the natural ecosystem experiences cycles of floods and droughts. The water table remains high during the dry season so this unique wetland landscape of grasslands, lagoons and reed beds supports a diverse range of Zambian wildlife.
The park is generally on flat ground apart from two small hills at the southern end. It divides into three distinct zones.
- The northern third is a flood plain.
- The central zone is an extensive region of termitaria grassland, characterised by grassy plains and scattered termite mounds. Succulent species of plants (euphorbia candelabrum) are more evident in this area.
- The southern portion is a woodland area characterised by species of Acacia, Albizzia andCombretum. It is in this area of Lochinvar that some interesting hot springs and archaeological sites are found.
Animals at Lochinvar National Park
Massive herds of Zambian wildlife can be spotted on the lush green plains of the National Park. The park is a paradise for herbivore species and the most common sightings include buffalo, zebra, wildebeest and oribi. The southern area of Lochinvar National Park is famous habitat for species like bush buck, kudu, baboon, bush pig, impala, reedbuck, common duiker, genets, civets, hyenas and a few buffalo. Hippopotamus and crocodiles occur wherever there is water. Wildebeest, Burchell’s zebra, eland, sitatunga and oribi are found in the flood plains.
The most notable mammal is the Kafue Lechwe, whose range is confined entirely to the Kafue flats in the northern section of the park. Thousands upon thousands of the prevalent Kafue lechwe, one of three subspecies of lechwe are found here. More than 30,000 of them make the Kafue Flats their home and move seasonally according to the flood level. At high water, massive herds may be seen along the upper flood line and in the open grassland further south. As the floods recede the herds move north into the grassy floodplain. They feed on grass and herbs in water up to a meter deep and are often seen wading or swimming in the Chunga Lagoon. Mating takes place mainly between December and January when males fight over territories known as leks and then mate with several females.
In the Termitaria zone, trees and shrubs grow only on the large termite mounds with grasses and herbs covering the rest of the area, which may becomes waterlogged during the rainy season. The magpie shrike is one of the birds to be seen in the scattered trees of this area and the surrounding grassy plains are grazed by buffalo, zebra, wildebeest and oribi.
The southern area is mainly woodland dominated and is free from flooding. Bushbuck, kudu, baboon, bush pig and vervet monkey inhabit this area.
Bird life at Lochinvar National Park
A destination for bird lovers, the Lochinvar National Park is home to more than 428 species. The floodplain of the park has flocks of many hundred wattled cranes. Other species are the marabou stork, flamingo, pelicans, African skimmer, Caspian tern, red-knobbed coot, southern pochard, yellow-billed duck and European shovellers. Waders can also be spotted as can members of the Raptor species include the black sparrow hawk, osprey, secretary bird, African cuckoo hawk and the peregrine falcon. In the flood plain, fulvous and white-faced tree ducks, spur winged goose, grey, purple and goliath herons, red cormorant, darter pink-backed and white pelicans including fish eagles are numerous.
Gwisho Hot Springs
These hot springs are found along a geological fault and are surrounded by lush vegetation. The water rises by convection from depths of over 1 kilometre with temperatures ranging from 60° to 90° C. There are high concentrations of sodium, chlorine, calcium and sulphates in the water. A distinctive rock known as a fault breccia occurs along the line of the fault and can be seen here at Gwisho.
This is an archaeological site which has been excavated and is now known as the site of an Iron Age village, inhabited for most of the last century. Enjoy the spectacle of a large baobab tree with a hollow trunk large enough for several people to sleep in. Traditionally it is said to have special powers which would protect passing travellers from wild animals. There is also a curious rocky outcrop called Drum Rocks which produces a resonant sound when tapped.
Importance of conservation
The IUCN and WWF have designated the Kafue Flats a wetland of international importance under theRamsar Convention. A sponsored management project for the area is working with local people, educating them in conservation through the redistribution of tourist revenue and controlled harvesting of resources. The fishermen you may come across in the park are very much a part of this unique ecosystem and in many ways the humans and wildlife here are interdependent.
Getting to Lochinvar National Park
This national park is easily accessible making it one of the popular national parks in Zambia. It is three hours drive from Lusaka to the town of Monze (282 kilometres from Livingstone and 186 kilometres from Lusaka). The access road is via Monze on the Livingstone – Lusaka road.
- Just north of the grain silos in Monze, turn west along a gravel road signposted at Namwala
- After about 25 kilometres turn right at the signpost to Lochinvar, a distance of about 48 kilometres
- Park fees are payable on entry
- There is an airstrip on the southern boundary of the park for visitors coming in by chartered aircraft
Best time to visit Lochinvar National Park
- You can visit this wildlife destination at any time of year. A high clearance vehicle such as a 4×4 is best during the rainy season (November to March).
- May is thought to be the best time for bird watching
- Dry season is the best time for game viewing (July to October) and you can still spot wildlife from November to December whilst greener is still small.
Where to stay
The World Wildlife Fund operates a camp site close to the southern gate. Simple chalets are also available here.
- Zambezian and Mopane woodlands
- Zambezian flooded grasslands
- Termitaria grassland
- African cuckoo hawk
- African skimmer
- Avocet plover
- Bar tailed godwits
- Black bellied korhaans
- Black sparrow hawk
- Black tailed godwits
- Caspian plover
- Caspian tern
- Denham’s bustard
- European shovellers
- Fish eagle
- Fulvous tree ducks
- Goliath herons
- Grey herons
- Little stint
- Marabou stork
- Marina trogon
- Mongolian plover
- Osprey Pacific golden plovers
- Peregrine falcon
- Pink-backed pelicans
- Purple herons
- Red cormorant
- Red-knobbed coot
- Secretary bird
- Southern pochard
- Spotted redshank
- Spur winged goose
- Wattled cranes
- White-bellied korhaans
- White-faced tree ducks
- White pelicans
- Yellow throated sand grouse
- Yellow-billed duck
- Burchell’s zebra
- Bush pig
- Common duiker
- Kafue lechwe
- Vervet monkey