Kitwe is the second largest city in Zambia. It is principally a mining city, with mines to the west and north-west. Due to its favourable location, it has attracted several other industries including the production of furniture, consumer goods, asbestos and cement. It has the usual amenities associated with a growing city - hotels, shopping malls and three hospitals. Kitwe was originally called Nkana after Chief Nkana, the local chief. But back in the 1930s, an elephant skull (icitwe chansofu) found alongside copper ore deposits gave rise to a new name 'Icitwe'. Foreign settlers mistakenly pronounced it “Kitwe”, which was subsequently adopted in all languages.