Doctor’s surgery in Zambia
For healthy people, most visits to doctor’s surgery offices revolve around a once-yearly recommended physical examination. This exam usually consists of gathering information such as a patient's blood pressure, heart rate, weight, and height, along with checking for any irregularities or signs of illness around the body. General practitioners will also ask the patients about any mental health problems that they may be experiencing, and may refer them to a psychiatrist for further examination in the event that they do indeed have such problems. If there are any other health problems that must be addressed by a medical specialist, such as a cardiologist, a referral will be given.
The staff of a doctor’s surgery office usually consists of nurses, receptionists, and doctors. Sometimes, many doctors of different medical specialties may be housed in one building, allowing easy referrals. A basic office usually consists of a waiting room and examination room(s). Examination rooms usually consist of an examination table, upon which the patient sits or lies down, and various other equipment, depending on the office.
The doctor’s surgery in Zambia is mostly staffed with surgeons with training representing the entire spectrum of surgical experience. Below are some of the services found in the doctor’s surgery:
General surgery is a discipline that requires knowledge of and familiarity with a broad spectrum of diseases that may require surgical treatment.
Orthopaedics and trauma
Orthopaedics is the surgical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. This includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves that allow the body to move, work, and be active.
This is the specialty concerned with the urinary system in the male and female and genital organs in the male.
This is the branch of medicine concerned with artificially inducing insensitivity to pain by the administration of gases or the injection of drugs before surgical operations.
Neurosurgery is a specialized field of surgery for the treatment of diseases or conditions of the Central Nervous System (CNS) and spine.
Ophthalmology is the surgical specialty dealing with the anatomy, functions, and diseases of the eye.
Pediatric surgery is a specialized field of surgery for the treatment of conditions that can be surgically corrected in a baby, child, or adolescent.
Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery
Also known as otorrhinolaryngology this is the surgical specialty that focuses on treatment of diseases and problems of the ears, nose and throat.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the specialty that treats diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity.
This is the branch of dentistry or of surgery dealing with the surgical treatment or repair of various conditions of the mouth or jaws.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Plastic surgery and Reconstructive Surgery is the surgical specialty dedicated to reconstruction of facial and body defects due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease.
Cardio thoracic surgery is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the chest.